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L&T(自己跳)(狼人)

时间:2019-09-16

Good morning everyone,Im your friend Army.中秋佳节刚刚过去,同学们有没有抬头看过一年之中最大最圆最亮的明月呢?受中国传统文化的影响,大部分同学在抬头赏月的时候,脑海里都会浮现花好月圆,亲朋共聚的美好情境,甚至都能隐隐闻到月饼的甜香。而在西方传说中,夜空中泛着冷光的圆月,则意味着狼人的出现。 Werewolf is an orc【兽人】 in Western folklore【民俗学】. It is difficult to trace the origin of werewolf legend. There are different opinions and there is no universally recognized origin. For nearly half a century, werewolves have undoubtedly become one of the hottest topics in Western mysterious culture. This monster is not different from ordinary people in appearance, but it will turn into wolves on a full moon night. 狼人(Werewolf),是西方民间传说的一种兽人,关于狼人传说的起源,尚难以追寻,说法各不相同,也缺乏普遍认同的起源。近半个世纪以来,狼人无疑已经成为西方神秘文化中最热门的话题之一,这种怪物平时从外表看与常人并无不同,但一到月圆之夜就会变身为狼。其实,世界各民族的文化里都有关于人变为野兽的神话传说,中国有狐妖,非洲有狮人,秘鲁有豹人,印度有虎妖,这些野兽在当地人眼里都是令人生畏的;而欧洲人对于狼有着特别的恐惧,这种恐惧起源于北欧和东南欧的一些民间传说。欧洲关于狼人的传说发展成熟后的描述如下:狼人除了长着狼头和体生长毛之外,它们的体型也比一般人高大许多。由于狼人沉迷于人肉及其它动物的生鲜血肉,尤其非常喜欢找人类下手,所以它们是比吸血鬼更可怕的怪物。European legends about werewolves are described as follows: werewolves grow not only with wolf heads and hairs, but also taller than ordinary people. Werewolves are more fearsome monsters than vampires because they are addicted to the flesh and blood of human beings and other animals, and they are especially fond of looking for human beings.狼人基本上分成两种:一种是天然的,也就是天生就是狼人。此种狼人非常凶猛强悍,还有变身成人的能力。它们通常把这种变身能力运用在欺骗上面——变身成人形之后,一般人是认不出来的。就这样不知多少无辜者牺牲在狼人的假面具之下。狼人天生残暴,是非常难缠的敌人,因为它们攻击速度极快,再加上灵敏的嗅觉,就使得它们更加危险。另一种是后天的,大部分都是因为受到诅咒而在月夜将失去理智成为一个饥渴的屠杀者,白天则恢复成人类。这种类型的狼人由于受到的诅咒作祟将一生无法回归人形,除非有人解除诅咒,否则终生就像天然的狼人一般沐浴在血腥里。Werewolves are basically divided into two kinds: one is natural, that is, they are born werewolves. The werewolves are very fierce and have the ability to become adults. They usually use this transformation ability to deceive people, who can't recognize them when they become human. So I don't know how many innocent people died under the mask of werewolves. Werewolves are inherently【固有地】 cruel and very difficult enemies, because they attack very fast, coupled with a sensitive sense of smell, making them even more dangerous. The other is acquired. Most of them are cursed and will lose their senses on moonlit nights and become thirsty slayers【屠杀者】. During the day, they will return to human beings. This type of werewolf can not return to human form for a lifetime because of the curse. Unless someone lifts the curse, they will be bathed in blood like natural werewolves all their lives. 狼人厌恶任何由银制的物品,只是皮肤表面的接触也会让它们感到疼痛,这可用作分辩它们与普通人的方法。银制品只会使狼人感到强烈的灼痛感,灼痛感要远强于火焰 ,但是液态硝酸银可以使他们丧失战斗力。Werewolves hate anything made of silver, but skin contact can make them feel pain, which can be used as a way to distinguish them from ordinary people. Silver products only make werewolves feel a strong burning sensation, which is much stronger than fire, but liquid silver nitrate can make them lose combat effectiveness. 在现代有许多影视作品,常常将吸血鬼(Vampire)与狼人联系起来,将它们作为彼此的宿敌,但和吸血鬼那如深渊一般深不可测形象不同,狼人的形象往往是残忍、嗜血的屠夫和忠诚、勇猛的战士两者的结合。我们今天所闻所见的狼人形象大多出品自美国好莱坞,虽然狼人是欧洲的土产,但将它们大肆宣扬的是美国漫画、电影电视作品。In many modern movies and TV works, Vampire is often associated with werewolves as their old enemies, but unlike vampires, whose image is as deep as the abyss【深渊】, werewolves are often a combination of cruel, bloodthirsty butchers and loyal, brave warriors【勇士】. Most of the werewolves we hear today are from Hollywood, USA. Although werewolves are native to Europe, they are widely promoted by American cartoons, movies and TV works.拍摄于1981年的《美国狼人在伦敦》作为一部轻喜剧以调侃的口吻叙述了狼人这一恐怖题材而大获成功,值得一提的是后来本片导演约翰·蓝迪斯又拍摄了《无辜的血》,这是一部描述“法国吸血鬼在美国”的故事。电影工业是一种大商业体制,需要各种类型的电影,此后狼人便成为好莱坞的宠儿,一系列狼人题材影片层出不穷。,电影制作是最爱炒冷饭的,哪怕是碗从古罗马时代就有的剩饭。狼人以其穷凶极恶的名声,在一部部的影视作品中充当反面角色。另外,在风靡全球的系列电影、小说《哈利波特》中也有狼人的出现—— 一是哈利三年级的黑魔法防御术教师莱姆斯卢平,哈利父亲的生前好友;另一个则是芬里尔格雷伯克。But these two can be said to be two extremes of werewolves, Lupin drank a magic potion【药剂】 in order not to hurt people on the full moon night so that he could quietly deform and spend the night, but Fenrill also choose to suck blood when the full moon kills, cruel to the extreme.不过这两者可以说是狼人的两个极端,卢平为了不伤人在满月之夜喝下一种魔药使自己安静地变形并度过夜晚,但芬里尔则不在月圆的时候也选择吸血杀人,残暴至极。 Thats all for todays listen and talk,Im your friend Army.Watch out on every fullmoon night.Goodbye.

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